Mesothelioma is a rare and virulent cancer of the mesothelial surfaces that affects the lining of the lungs (the pleura ), abdominal cavity (the peritoneum ) or the envelope of the heart (the pericardium ). Pulmonary mesothelioma is caused by exposure to mineral fibers (such as asbestos, or erionite ).
Current studies do not confirm the relationship between exposure to asbestos and the development of peritoneal mesothelioma, although recent data appear to establish, especially in men.
Some individuals were exposed at their workplace, while others were exposed secondarily through family members who, unbeknownst to them, have brought fiber to the home from their work in their clothes or their hair or on their skin.
Mesothelioma is a notifiables disease, health professionals must serve it on the doctor of the Regional Health Agency.